Kidney Stone Treatment
Dalvi Nursing Home takes a comprehensive approach not only to treat patients who have stones but also to help patients prevent recurrence. A full time registered dietician works in tandem with urology surgeon in developing kidney stone prevention program for their patients. Stone disease is a very common problem all over the world. Approximately 60% of stones can be managed by Lithotripsy and rests of stones need various endo-urological procedures to remove the stones without open surgery.
Latest Techniques available for Removal of our Hospital are :
- P.C.N.L. (Per Cutaneous Nephro Lithotripsy)
- U.R.S. (Uretro Renoscopy)
- Holmium Laser Lithotripsy
- E.S.W.L. By Dornier Compact Delta Lithotriptor
- E.R.C.P. For Stones in CBD
These surgeries are done routinely by well-experienced surgeons in our nursing home. We undertake on an average 250-300 endoscopic surgeries every month for treatment of various kinds of renal and biliary stones. Urinary Stones Overview : Hardened mineral deposits formed in kidney are called kidney stones. When waste materials in the urine do not dissolve completely and the kidney is unable to evacuate them crystals and kidney stones are likely to form. There are many types of stones depending upon the type of mineral deposit.
Reasons of Stone Formation :
- Dietary excess consumption of oxalate containing food like dry fruits
- Milk,milk products,tomato,tea and coffee
- Environmental; Hot and dry climate
- Low water intake
- High protein intake
- Lack of inhibitory factors in body
Symptoms of Kidney Stones :
- Pain in lower back radiating to front.
- Pain and Burning sensation while urinating.
- Increased frequency of urination.
- Presence of blood or pus in urine.
- Nausea and vomiting.
- Fever, chill, loss of appetite.
ESWL – Extracorporeal Shock Wave Lithotripsy uses highly focused electro-magnetic waves projected from outside the body to crush kidney stones anywhere in the urinary system. The stone is usually reduced to sand-like particles that can be passed in the urine. Large stones may require more than one ESWL sessions. It can be used for patients of all age groups and those who have heart and breathing problems. Both X-Ray and USG controls are available on this machine. The positioning, focusing and delivering of shock waves are all controlled by advance-computerized system with safety cut-offs to prevent damage by human error. Patients need not stay in hospital and can go home same day.
P.C.N.L. – Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy (PCNL) is the preferred technique for treating large stones (over 2 cm in diameter) within the kidney. It involves keyhole surgery performed through a 1 cm incision in the skin overlying the kidney (see diagram).